Bluegrass Lawn And Turf Grass

Geographic Zones: Bluegrass is primarily planted in the mid and eastern parts of the U.S. Since it doesn't grow well in hotter areas, Southern Tennessee and the Piedmot region is usually considered the southern divider for this type of grass.

Water Requirements: While Bluegrass isn't a drought resistant grass, you should still be careful not to over water it. The lawn soil should be kept moist, but not soggy. You'll have to make the final decision on how often to water the yard based on the weather conditions in your area. If it begins to change color from green to a yellow-brown, then it could be slipping into dormancy and needs to be watered soon in order for it to survive.

Fertilizer Requirements: To maintain this type of lawn at optimum health, approximately 3-5 lbs. of Nitrogen per 1000 square feet must be added to the yard yearly. This is best done in 3-4 applications over the course of the year.

When to Plant: The best time to plant this turf type is sometime between September 15 and November 1, when soil temperatures are around 50-65 degrees.

Recommended Mowing Height When mowing Bluegrass, it is recommended that you keep it around 1 1/2; to 2 1/4 inches in height.

Light Requirements: In order to survive, thi grass needs substantial amounts of light exposure since it doesn't tolerate shade well. If you're planning to plant Bluegrass, be sure that the area you are considering gets plenty of sunshine.

Best Places to Use: This turf type is one of the most popular types of grass used for lawns and yards, athletic fields, parks, and other high traffic areas in cool season regions. This is thanks to its rich coloring, thick coverage, and its high resistance to damage from impact.

Common Diseases: Many varieties of Bluegrass, especially the older kinds, are prone to outbreaks of brown patch, necrotic ring spot, fusarium blight, red thread, snow mold, stripe smut, fairy ring, and powdery mildew. While these can be dealt with by using certain chemicals, it is suggested that, if and when you reseed or seed for the first time, you choose a variety of Bluegrass that is resistant to those diseases most common in your region.

Common Pests: None of particular concern, but this grass is susceptible to most pests.

Soil pH: This grass type grows best in soils with a pH of 6.5-8.0. Often, this means that, in order to reach and maintain the proper pH level, you'll have to add lime periodically.

Special Advantages: In well maintained lawns, Bluegrass tends to grow thick enough to choke out most types of weeds.

Special Problems: When fertilizing, it is important to check the phosphorus in the mix to prevent iron chlorosis. If you add too much phosphorus to Bluegrass, this problem can occur. If iron cholorosis does develop, you can correct the problem by adding additional ferrous sulfate or another iron additive.

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